What is Aerospace Engineering?

Created by Shreya Gupta, Modified on Tue, 30 May 2023 at 10:19 PM by Shreya Gupta

What is Aerospace Engineering?

Aerospace engineering is a subset of engineering that focuses on designing, developing, and manufacturing aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles. It is divided into two branches: aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aeronautical engineering is concerned with aircraft that fly within the Earth's atmosphere. In contrast, astronautical engineering concerns spacecraft that travel beyond our planet.

Aerospace engineers design, develop, test, and operate aircraft, spacecraft, and missiles. They use their knowledge of physics, mathematics, and engineering principles to create safe and efficient vehicles that can fly or travel through space. Aerospace engineering is a challenging but rewarding field. It offers the opportunity to work on cutting-edge technologies and to make a real difference in the world.


Aerospace engineering has a wide range of applications. Aerospace engineers contribute to the design and continuous improvement of aircraft in commercial aviation, making air travel safer, more efficient, and more comfortable for passengers. They design spacecraft and instruments that expand our understanding of the universe and enable scientific discoveries in space exploration. Aerospace engineers also contribute significantly to national defence and security by developing advanced military aircraft, missiles, and defence systems. Satellites designed by aerospace engineers also aid in global communication, weather monitoring, navigation systems, and scientific research.


Aerospace engineering is an exciting and dynamic field that is shaping our world. This discipline pushes the boundaries of human achievement, from enabling human travel to distant planets to improving our understanding of the Earth. Aerospace engineers will undoubtedly play a critical role in propelling us to new heights and unravelling the mysteries of the cosmos as technology advances and our curiosity grows.

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